Inhibition of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase activity by synthetic phosphatidylcholine species containing eicosapentaenoic acid or docosahexaenoic acid in the sn-2 position

J Lipid Res. 1992 Jun;33(6):879-87.


Phospholipids isolated from the plasma of monkeys fed a diet enriched in fish oil were poor substrates for cholesteryl ester (CE) synthesis by the lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) reaction relative to those from animals fed a lard containing diet when the phospholipids were used for the preparation of recombinant particles by cholate dialysis (Parks, J. S., B. C. Bullock, and L. L. Rudel. 1989. J. Biol. Chem. 264: 2545-2551). The purpose of the present study was to directly test the influence of eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5 n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6 n-3) in the sn-2 position of phosphatidylcholine (PC) on the activity of LCAT. PC species containing 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl PC (POPC), 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl PC (PLPC), 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl PC (PAPC), 1-palmitoyl-2-eicosapentaenoyl PC (PEPC), or 1-palmitoyl-2-docosahexaenoyl PC (PDPC) were purchased or synthesized and made into recombinant particles of uniform size and composition with [14C]cholesterol and apoA-I using the cholate dialysis procedure. The recombinant particles (PC:cholesterol:apoA-I molar ratio = 42:1.9:1) exhibited the following order of reactivity towards purified human LCAT in vitro: POPC greater than PLPC greater than PEPC = PAPC greater than PDPC. The apparent Vmax/Km for recombinant particles containing PEPC and PDPC was 17% and 7% that of particles containing POPC, respectively. There was a linear decrease in CE formation when the percentage of PEPC or PDPC was increased from 0 to 100% relative to POPC in recombinant particles with a constant PC:cholesterol:apoA-I molar ratio, suggesting that the PEPC and PDPC were competitive inhibitors of the LCAT reaction.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Chromatography, Thin Layer
  • Docosahexaenoic Acids / chemical synthesis
  • Docosahexaenoic Acids / pharmacology*
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid / analogs & derivatives
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid / chemical synthesis
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Phosphatidylcholine-Sterol O-Acyltransferase / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Phosphatidylcholines / pharmacology*
  • Phospholipases A
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Thiobarbiturates / analysis


  • Phosphatidylcholines
  • Thiobarbiturates
  • Docosahexaenoic Acids
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid
  • Phosphatidylcholine-Sterol O-Acyltransferase
  • Phospholipases A
  • thiobarbituric acid