A series of 11-[2-(1-benzimidazolyl)ethylidene]-6,11-dihydrodibenz[b,e]oxep in-2- carboxylic acid derivatives and related compounds were synthesized and found to be potent TXA2/PGH2 receptor antagonists. Each compound synthesized was tested for its ability to displace [3H]U-46619 binding from guinea pig platelet TXA2/PGH2 receptors. Structure-activity relationship studies revealed that the following key elements were required for enhanced activities: (1) an (E)-2-(1-benzimidazolyl)ethylidene side chain in the 11-position of the dibenzoxepin ring system and (2) a carboxyl group in the 2-position of the dibenzoxepin ring system. The studies also indicated that the TXA2/PGH2 receptor binding affinities of this series of compounds in guinea pig platelet were poorly correlated with those in human platelet. Introduction of substituent(s) to the benzimidazole moiety was effective and sodium (E)-11-[2-(5,6-dimethyl-1-benzimidazolyl)ethylidene]- 6,11-dihydrodibenz[b,e]oxepin-2-carboxylate monohydrate (57) recorded the highest affinity for human platelet TXA2/PGH2 receptor with a K(i) value of 1.2 +/- 0.14 nM. It demonstrated potent inhibitory effects on U-46619-induced guinea pig platelet aggregation (in vitro and ex vivo) and human platelet aggregation (in vitro). Compound 57, now designated as KW-3635, is a novel, orally active, and specific TXA2/PGH2 receptor antagonist with neither TXA2/PGH2 receptor agonistic nor TXA2 synthase inhibitory effects. It is now under clinical evaluation.