Some properties of [4-vinyl] chlorophyllide a reductase are described. This enzyme converts divinyl chlorophyllide a to monovinyl chlorophyllide a. The latter is the immediate precursor of monovinyl chlorophyll a, the main chlorophyll in green plants. [4-Vinyl] chlorophyllide a reductase plays an important role in daylight during the conversion of divinyl protochlorophyllide a to monovinyl chlorophyll a. [4-Vinyl] chlorophyllide a reductase was detected in isolated plastid membranes. Its activity is strictly dependent on the availability of NADPH. Other reductants such as NADH and GSH were ineffective. The enzyme appears to be specific for divinyl chlorophyllide a, and it does not reduce divinyl protochlorophyllide a to monovinyl protochlorophyllide a. The conversion of divinyl protochlorophyllide a to monovinyl protochlorophyllide a has been demonstrated in barley and cucumber etiochloroplasts and appears to be catalyzed by a [4-vinyl] protochlorophyllide a reductase [Tripathy, B.C., & Rebeiz, C.A. (1988) Plant Physiol. 87, 89-94]. On the basis of reductant requirements and substrate specificity, it is possible that two different 4-vinyl reductases may be involved in the reduction of divinyl protochlorophyllide a and divinyl chlorophyllide a to their respective 4-ethyl analogues.