Promotion of the release of 11-cis-retinal from cultured retinal pigment epithelium by interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein

Biochemistry. 1992 Sep 22;31(37):9056-62. doi: 10.1021/bi00152a049.


This study investigates whether the interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP) is necessary for the release of 11-cis-retinaldehyde (RAL) or if the retinoid is constitutively released from the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) following synthesis. The strategic location of IRBP in the interphotoreceptor matrix (IPM) and its retinoid-binding ability make it a candidate for a role in 11-cis-RAL release. Fetal bovine RPE cells were grown in permeable chambers, and their apical surfaces were incubated with medium containing either apo-IRBP, the apo form of cellular retinaldehyde-binding protein (CRALBP), the apo form of serum retinol-binding protein (RBP), or bovine serum albumin (BSA) or with medium devoid of binding proteins. [3H]-all-trans-Retinol (ROL) was delivered to the basal surface of the cells by RBP. High-performance liquid chromatography demonstrated that [3H]-11-cis-RAL was optimally released into the apical medium when apo-IRBP was present. The most surprising result was the diminished level of [3H]-11-cis-RAL when apo-CRALBP was in the apical medium. Circular dichroism demonstrated that CRALBP had not been denatured by the photobleaching required for endogenous ligand removal. Therefore, apo-CRALBP should have been able to bind [3H]-11-cis-RAL if it was constitutively released into the apical medium. In addition, when proteins other than apo-IRBP were present, or if the cells were incubated with medium alone, the observed decrease in apical [3H]-11-cis-RAL was concomitant with a buildup of intracellular [3H]-all-trans-retinyl palmitate and [3H]-all-trans-ROL in the basal culture medium.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cattle
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Circular Dichroism
  • Eye Proteins / metabolism*
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Pigment Epithelium of Eye / metabolism*
  • Protein Conformation
  • Retinaldehyde / metabolism*
  • Retinol-Binding Proteins / metabolism*


  • Eye Proteins
  • Retinol-Binding Proteins
  • interstitial retinol-binding protein
  • Retinaldehyde