Effect of hyperlipidemia on cardiovascular responses to adrenergic stimulation in piglets

J Vet Med Sci. 1992 Aug;54(4):637-42. doi: 10.1292/jvms.54.637.

Abstract

This study was designed to assess the effect of hyperlipidemia on cardiovascular responses to adrenergic stimulation in a porcine model. Four-week-old piglets (n = 10) were divided into two groups; one fed a control diet and the other was fed an atherogenic diet for 8 weeks. Cardiovascular responses were evaluated to both norepinephrine (NE; 0.5 and 2.5 micrograms/kg) and isoproterenol (ISO; 0.1 and 0.5 microgram/kg) from simultaneous recordings of femoral arterial pressure, heart rate, left intraventricular pressure and left intraventricular dP/dt. It was found that no significant difference in the baseline values of cardiovascular function was observed between the control and hyperlipidemic groups. However, in the hyperlipidemic group as compared with the control group: 1) arterial blood pressure responses to NE were significantly increased (P less than 0.05), 2) cardiac contractile responses to NE and ISO were significantly potentiated (P less than 0.05), and 3) reflex bradycardia in response to increasing arterial blood pressure did not occur. These findings indicate that hyperlipidemia can potentiate the cardiovascular responses to adrenergic stimulation, whereas reflex cardiovascular regulation is somewhat altered by hyperlipidemia. Conceivably, these observations may have relevance to the possible role of the mechanism of the interaction of hyperlipidemia and hypertension in atherogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Heart Rate / drug effects
  • Hemodynamics / drug effects*
  • Hyperlipidemias / physiopathology
  • Hyperlipidemias / veterinary*
  • Isoproterenol / pharmacology*
  • Norepinephrine / pharmacology*
  • Swine
  • Swine Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Triglycerides / blood

Substances

  • Triglycerides
  • Cholesterol
  • Isoproterenol
  • Norepinephrine