Adhesion molecules on MHC-nonrestricted lymphocytes: high density expression and role in oncolysis

Lymphokine Cytokine Res. 1992 Jun;11(3):149-56.

Abstract

We have shown that interleukin-2 (IL-2) -activated adherent lymphocytes (A-LAK) display superior oncolytic activity against acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) blasts when compared to conventionally prepared lymphocytes with lymphokine-activated killing (LAK) activity. The A-LAK activity was generated promptly and from donors whose lymphocytes did not display any LAK activity. In comparison to LAK, a higher percentage of A-LAK expressed the CD25 and HLA class II (HLA-DR) activation-associated structures and high density of HLA class I antigens. Most striking, however, was the observation that lymphocytes from A-LAK cultures consistently contained a high density of CD2, CD11a, and CD18 adhesion molecules, as indicated cytometrically by their "bright" fluorescence intensity. Three color flow cytometric analysis indicated that virtually all CD56+,CD3- natural killer (NK) and CD56+,CD3+ T cells in unstimulated, LAK and A-LAK populations displayed this "bright" phenotype, while most CD56-,CD3+ T cells (with the exception of the small proportion found in A-LAK) were of the "dim" phenotype. The A-LAK cultures also contained a higher percentage of lymphocytes expressing CD11b (CR3 receptor) and CD54 (ICAM-1) antigens. The CD11a, CD18, and partially CD2 molecules were important in the A-LAK cytolytic mechanism against AML, since blocking of these structures with monoclonal antibodies (MAb) significantly decreased the antileukemia effect. Additionally, the ability of A-LAK to adhere to plastic was most strongly inhibited by anti-CD11a MAb and less, but significantly, by MAb against CD2, CD18, and CD56 molecules.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, CD / analysis*
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules / immunology*
  • Cytotoxicity, Immunologic*
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Humans
  • Immunophenotyping
  • Interleukin-2 / pharmacology*
  • Killer Cells, Lymphokine-Activated / immunology*
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / immunology*
  • Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • Major Histocompatibility Complex*

Substances

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, CD
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules
  • Interleukin-2