Temperature, metabolic adaptation and crying in healthy full-term newborns cared for skin-to-skin or in a cot

Acta Paediatr. 1992 Jun-Jul;81(6-7):488-93. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.1992.tb12280.x.


The aim of the present study was to compare temperatures, metabolic adaptation and crying behavior in 50 healthy, full-term, newborn infants who were randomized to be kept either skin-to-skin with the mother or next to the mother in a cot "separated". The babies were studied during the first 90 min after birth. Axillary and skin temperatures were significantly higher in the skin-to-skin group; at 90 min after birth blood glucose was also significantly higher and the return towards zero of the negative base-excess was more rapid as compared to the "separated" group. Babies kept in cots cried significantly more than those kept skin-to-skin with the mother. Keeping the baby skin-to-skin with the mother preserves energy and accelerates metabolic adaptation and may increase the well-being of the newborn.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose / analysis
  • Body Temperature / physiology*
  • Crying / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant Equipment
  • Infant, Newborn / metabolism
  • Infant, Newborn / physiology*
  • Infant, Newborn / psychology
  • Skin


  • Blood Glucose