Tibial rotational osteotomy for idiopathic torsion. A comparison of the proximal and distal osteotomy levels

Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1992 Oct:(283):285-9.


A retrospective analysis was done of 52 rotational tibial osteotomies (RTOs) performed on 35 patients with severe idiopathic tibial torsion. Thirty-nine osteotomies were performed at the proximal or midtibial level. Thirteen were performed at the distal tibial level with a technique previously described by one of the authors. Serious complications occurred in five (13%) of the proximal and in none of the distal RTOs. For severe and persisting idiopathic tibial torsion, the authors recommend correction by RTO at the distal level. Proximal level osteotomy is indicated only when a varus or valgus deformity required concurrent correction.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bone Diseases / surgery
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Osteotomy / methods*
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tibia / surgery*
  • Torsion Abnormality