Fungal infections in cancer patients: an international autopsy survey

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1992 Feb;11(2):99-109. doi: 10.1007/BF01967060.


In an attempt to estimate the frequency of fungal infections among cancer patients, a survey of autopsy examinations was conducted in multiple institutions in Europe, Japan and Canada. Fungal infections were identified most often in leukemic patients and transplant recipients (25% each). Fifty-eight percent of fungal infections were caused by Candida spp. and 30% by Aspergillus spp. There was considerable variability in the frequency of fungal infections in different countries. Nevertheless, this study clearly demonstrates that fungal infections represent a common complication in cancer patients, especially in patients with leukemia.

MeSH terms

  • Aspergillosis / complications
  • Aspergillosis / epidemiology
  • Canada / epidemiology
  • Candidiasis / complications
  • Candidiasis / epidemiology
  • Cryptococcosis / complications
  • Cryptococcosis / epidemiology
  • Europe / epidemiology
  • Global Health
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Leukemia / complications*
  • Mycoses / complications
  • Mycoses / epidemiology*
  • Neoplasms / complications*
  • Organ Transplantation*