Scintigraphic quantitation of gastrointestinal motor activity and transport: oesophagus and stomach

Eur J Nucl Med. 1992;19(9):815-23. doi: 10.1007/BF00182825.

Abstract

For the recognition and characterisation of oesophageal motor disorders, manometry represents the most reliable tool but yields no information on bolus transport. The transport can be quantitated by radionuclide techniques. The patient is positioned supine beneath a gamma-camera and instructed to swallow a radiolabelled bolus in a single gulp. Using a marker over the cricoid and the activity in the stomach as landmarks, regions of interest are drawn representing the upper, middle and lower third of the oesophagus and the gastric fundus. Activity-time curves enable one to recognise the clearance patterns in these regions. In combination, manometric and radionuclide transit studies recognise a higher number of motor disorders than either procedure alone. Radionuclide methods also are the most reliable and sensitive to quantitate gastric emptying. Procedure, meal size and composition as well as patient position must be standardised and correction techniques applied. The emptying of solid and liquid meal constituents can be evaluated concomitantly. Solids start to empty only after a lag phase of varying extent. With semi-solid meals, which are emptied at the same rate as solid meals of identical composition in the postlag phase, the recording time can be considerably shorter. Besides gastric emptying, the amplitude, frequency and propagation velocity of antral contractions can be recorded using serial images of short frame time and specially devised analytic techniques.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Colloids
  • Duodenogastric Reflux / diagnostic imaging
  • Esophageal Motility Disorders / diagnostic imaging*
  • Esophagus / diagnostic imaging*
  • Food
  • Gastric Emptying / physiology
  • Gastrointestinal Motility / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Indium Radioisotopes
  • Pentetic Acid
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Stomach / diagnostic imaging*
  • Technetium
  • Technetium Compounds*
  • Technetium Tc 99m Sulfur Colloid
  • Tin
  • Tin Compounds*

Substances

  • Colloids
  • Indium Radioisotopes
  • Technetium Compounds
  • Tin Compounds
  • technetium Tc 99m tin colloid
  • Technetium Tc 99m Sulfur Colloid
  • Technetium
  • Tin
  • Pentetic Acid