Comparison of photodensitometric with high-resolution digital analysis of bone density from serial dental radiographs

Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 1992 Feb;21(1):40-4. doi: 10.1259/dmfr.21.1.1397451.


Photodensitometry is known to provide high spatial resolution and continuous measurement of optical density for the analysis of dental radiographs, whereas digitization allows powerful image manipulations but, when using conventional video cameras, gives less spatial resolution and fewer grey levels. The aim of this study was therefore to develop a technique of high-resolution digital analysis for the measurement of bone density following the same principles as those of photodensitometry and based upon the use of a CCD Scanner Camera which provides up to 4096 grey levels and a spatial resolution of 4096 x 4096 pixels. Twenty-four zones were analysed with both techniques in five serial dental radiographs taken before and after periodontal therapy in eight patients. Statistical comparison of the results obtained by digital analysis and photodensitometry shows that the two techniques have the same accuracy.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Absorptiometry, Photon*
  • Alveolar Bone Loss / diagnostic imaging*
  • Bone Density
  • Humans
  • Radiographic Image Enhancement*
  • Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
  • Radiography, Dental / methods