A high-performance liquid chromatographic method is described for the determination of vinblastine in various normal mouse tissues, such as lung, heart, liver, kidney and muscles, and in implanted MO4 tumours. Vincristine was used as the internal standard. Freshly obtained mouse tissue or tumour tissue was frozen at -20 degrees C and then lyophilized. After lyophilisation, the dry tissues were pulverized and homogeneously mixed, and an aliquot was suspended in 0.1 M hydrochloric acid. The drugs of interest were then isolated from this suspension using ion-pair extraction at pH 3 with octylsulphate as counter-ion. The obtained extracts were analysed on a reversed-phase system with a cyanopropyl stationary phase. The detection limit was 1 ng/l in plasma and 10 ng/g in tissue. The extraction recoveries of vincristine and vinblastine were between 45 and 67%, and there were no interferences from blank components. Preliminary pharmacokinetic data for different mouse tissues and tumour implanted in muscle tissue are presented.