Schools are the site of a substantial number of unintentional injuries each year. Current knowledge regarding the study of causes and implications of school injury is summarized in a review of the research literature. A discussion of future investigations and better management of school injuries focuses on research issues, practical management, and nursing concerns. Operational definitions and reporting mechanisms are emphasized as research needs. Practical management and nursing concerns include routine reporting, student supervision, treatment of injuries, communication with parents, and legal (liability) responsibilities.