Kinetic and pharmacological properties of the M-current in rodent neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cells

J Physiol. 1992;451:159-85. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.1992.sp019159.

Abstract

1. The M-like current IK(M,ng) in differentiated NG108-15 mouse neuroblastoma x rat glioma hybrid cells has been studied using tight-seal, whole-cell patch-clamp recording. 2. When calculated from steady-state current-voltage curves, the conductance underlying IK(M,ng) showed a Boltzmann dependence on voltage with half-activation voltage Vo = -44 mV (in 3 mM [K+]) and slope factor (a) = 8.1 mV/e-fold increase in conductance. In 12 mM [K+] Vo = -38 mV and a = 6.9 mV. The deactivation reciprocal time constant accelerated with hyperpolarization with slope factor 17 mV/e-fold voltage change. 3. The reversal potential for deactivation tail currents varied with external [K+] as if PNa/PK were 0.005. 4. Steady-state current was increased on removing external Ca2+. In the presence of external Ca2+, reactivation of IK(M, ng) after a hyperpolarizing step was delayed. This delay was preceded by an inward Ca2+ current, and coincided with an increase in intracellular [Ca2+] as measured with Indo-1 fluorescence. Elevation of intracellular [Ca2+] with caffeine also reduced IK(M, ng). 5. IK(M, ng) was inhibited by external divalent cations in decreasing order of potency (mM IC50 in parentheses): Zn2+ (0.011) greater than Cu2+ (0.018) greater than Cd2+ (0.070) greater than Ni2+ (0.44) greater than Ba2+ (0.47) greater than Fe2+ (0.69) greater than Mn2+ (0.86) greater than Co2+ (0.92) greater than Ca2+ (5.6) greater than Mg2+ (16) greater than Sr2+ (33). This was not secondary to inhibition of ICa since: (i) inhibition persisted in Ca(2+)-free solution; (ii) La3+ did not inhibit IK(M, ng) at concentrations which inhibited ICa; and (iii) organic Ca2+ channel blockers were ineffective. Inhibition comprised both depression of the maximum conductance and a positive shift of the activation curve. Addition of Ca2+ (10 microM free [Ca2+]) or Ba2+ (1 mM total [Ba2+]) to the pipette solution did not significantly change IK(M, ng). 6. IK(M, ng) was reduced by 9-amino-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroacridine (IC50 8 microM) and quinine (30 microM) but was insensitive to tetraethylammonium (IC50 greater than 30 mM), 4-aminopyridine (greater than 10 mM), apamin (greater than 3 microM) or dendrotoxin (greater than 100 nM). 7. IK(M, ng) was inhibited by bradykinin (1-10 microM) or angiotensin II (1-10 microM), but not by the following other receptor agonists: acetylcholine (10 mM), muscarine (10 microM), noradrenaline (100 microM), adrenaline (100 microM), dopamine (100 microM), histamine (100 microM), 5-hydroxytryptamine (10 microM), Met-enkephalin (1 microM), glycine (100 microM), gamma-aminobutyric acid (100 microM) or baclofen (500 microM).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Action Potentials / drug effects
  • Animals
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Calcium / pharmacology
  • Cations, Divalent / pharmacology
  • Glioma / metabolism
  • Hybrid Cells / drug effects
  • Hybrid Cells / metabolism
  • Ion Channel Gating / drug effects
  • Kinetics
  • Membrane Potentials / drug effects
  • Mice
  • Neuroblastoma / metabolism
  • Neurons / drug effects
  • Neurons / metabolism*
  • Potassium / metabolism*
  • Potassium Channels / drug effects
  • Potassium Channels / metabolism
  • Rats

Substances

  • Cations, Divalent
  • Potassium Channels
  • Potassium
  • Calcium