Quantitative measurement of muscle and subcutaneous fat thickness in newborn by real-time ultrasonography: a useful method for site and depth evaluation in vaccination

Gaoxiong Yi Xue Ke Xue Za Zhi. 1992 Feb;8(2):75-81.

Abstract

In order to quantify muscle thickness and choose the appropriate site for intramuscular injection of vaccines in neonates, we used ultrasonography to measure muscle and subcutaneous fat thickness of anterolateral mid-thigh, upper outer quadrant of buttock and middle area of deltoid in fifty full term (group 1) and thirty low birth weight (group 2) infants. A Hitachi EUB40 real-time scanner and a 5 MHz transducer was used in the study. We delineated the normal distribution of muscle and subcutaneous fat thickness in mid-thigh, buttock and deltoid areas of full term and low birth weight infants. There was no significant difference between male and female infants in the two groups. Muscle and subcutaneous fat thickness in the thigh area was 11.8 +/- 1.9 mm and 3.8 +/- 0.4 mm, respectively, in group 1; 8.6 +/- 1.7 mm and 2.7 +/- 0.5 mm in group 2. Figures in the buttock area were 10. 1 +/- 1.5 mm and 3.7 +/- 0.5 mm in group 1, 6.9 +/- 1.2 mm and 2.7 +/- 0.7 mm in group 2; and in the deltoid area were 5.2 +/- 0.7 mm and 3.4 +/- 1.5 mm in group 1 and 3.8 +/- 0.8 mm and 2.3 +/- 0.6 mm in group 2. There was significant logarithmic correlation between muscle thickness and body weight (r = 0.6, 0.8, 0.6) and muscle thickness and body length (r = 0.4, 0.6, 0.6) in thigh, buttock and deltoid areas of the low birth weight infants. In contrast, there was significant logarithmic correlation only between buttock muscle and body weight (r = 0.5) in the full term infants.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / diagnostic imaging*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Injections, Intramuscular
  • Male
  • Muscles / diagnostic imaging*
  • Skin / diagnostic imaging*
  • Ultrasonography
  • Vaccination* / methods
  • Vaccines / administration & dosage

Substances

  • Vaccines