A conjugative aminoglycoside resistance plasmid pST2 has been isolated from Escherichia coli K-12 14R525, which was mated with a clinical isolate of Salmonella typhimurium S24. A novel resistance gene of aminoglycoside 6'-N-acetyltransferase[AAC(6')] was cloned from plasmid pST2 on a 1,393 kilobase (kb) of SphI-SalI fragment into vector pACYC184 and pUC18. This novel AAC(6') gene in plasmid pST2 acetylated kanamycin, amikacin, dibekacin, tobramycin, gentamicin, netilmicin, and sisomicin. The complete nucleotide sequence of the novel AAC(6') gene and its neighboring sequences were also determined. Minicell experiments detected only one protein of 24.7 kilodaltons (kDa) translated from an open reading frame of the 618 base pairs (bp) gene.