The expression of five genes (GluR A; B; C; D; GluR 5) encoding functional subunits of glutamate receptors was investigated in the rat retina using in situ hybridization with oligonucleotide probes. All five genes are expressed in the retina. All probes label cell bodies in the ganglion cell layer as well as somata in the inner third of the inner nuclear layer (INL), where the amacrine cells are located. In addition GluR 5, B and D, and to a lesser extent also GluR A are found in the middle and outer part of the INL, where bipolar and horizontal cells reside. Different subsets of retinal neurons may thus use glutamate receptors of different subunit composition.