Stage at diagnosis in breast cancer: race and socioeconomic factors

Am J Public Health. 1992 Oct;82(10):1383-5. doi: 10.2105/ajph.82.10.1383.


Cancer incidence data from three US metropolitan areas were coupled with census tract indicators of education and income. The data suggest that both Black and White cancer patients living in census tracts with lower median education/income values are diagnosed in later disease stages than are patients in tracts with higher median education/income values. Within education and income strata, Black women had a less favorable stage of disease at diagnosis than Whites. The exception was in upper education/income levels, where the disadvantage for Blacks disappeared. These data provide additional evidence that women of low socioeconomic status could benefit from targeted screening.

MeSH terms

  • Black or African American / statistics & numerical data*
  • Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Breast Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology
  • Educational Status
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Female
  • Georgia / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Income / statistics & numerical data
  • Mass Screening / standards
  • Michigan / epidemiology
  • Neoplasm Staging*
  • Population Surveillance
  • Registries
  • San Francisco / epidemiology
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Survival Rate
  • Time Factors
  • Urban Population
  • White People / statistics & numerical data*