CT scans have been studied only in asthmatics who were smokers, and no such study has been performed in patients with chronic uncomplicated asthma where a permanent bronchial destruction is likely to occur after a long course of the disease. The object of the study was to characterize CT-scan abnormalities and determine whether bronchial destructive lesions may be observed. Fifty-seven adults with chronic asthma of variable severity and etiology and 10 normal subjects were studied. None of the subjects smoked. Chest radiographs and HR-CT scans were performed in all patients. To discriminate between reversible and irreversible CT-scan abnormalities, two examinations were made in 10 patients with acute asthma both before and 2 wk after parenteral high dose corticosteroid treatment. The chest radiographs showed the expected abnormalities of asthma in 37.8% of the asthmatics. CT scans were abnormal in 71.9% of the asthmatics. Reversible abnormalities included mucoid impactions, acinar pattern, and lobar collapse. Irreversible abnormalities included bronchiectasis, bronchial wall-thickening, sequellar line shadows, and emphysema. Most of these abnormalities are likely to be related to bronchial destruction.