Pharmacokinetic study of [14C]flutrimazole after oral and intravenous administration in dogs. Comparison with clotrimazole

Arzneimittelforschung. 1992 Jun;42(6):854-8.

Abstract

This trial involved a comparative study using 6 Beagle dogs on the pharmacokinetics of 14C-labelled 1-[(2-fluorophenyl)(4-fluorophenyl)phenylmethyl]-1H-imidazole (flutrimazole, CAS 119006-77-8) and [14C]clotrimazole labelled in the imidazole ring. On the basis of a cross-over trial, each animal received a dose of 5 mg/kg (approx. 100 microCi) [14C]flutrimazole and [14C]clotrimazole, both intravenously and orally. The levels in plasma, urine and faeces of the total radioactivity, unchanged drug and the [14C]imidazole formed by metabolization of the unchanged drug were determined. Flutrimazole presented a biological half-life (t1/2) of 14.4 +/- 3.8 h and a clearance (Cl) of 6.7 +/- 0.8 l/h, while the values for clotrimazole were very different: t1/2 4.6 +/- 0.8 h and Cl: 13.6 +/- 1.0 l/h. After oral administration a fraction of absorbed dose (f) of 78 +/- 21% and bioavailability of 8.9 +/- 6.1% were calculated for flutrimazole. For clotrimazole, these were: 52 +/- 10% and 4.9 +/- 1.9%, respectively. Both drugs showed a significant first-pass effect, with 90% of the absorbed dose being metabolized before reaching the systemic circulation. The total recovery of radioactivity in faeces and urine 5 days after i.v. and oral administration was 58% and 68%, respectively, for [14C]flutrimazole, and 81% and 79% for [14C]clotrimazole. In both cases, most of the radioactivity was recovered in the faeces. The high radioactivity obtained in faeces after i.v. administration of both drugs confirms biliary elimination. For both flutrimazole and clotrimazole, less than 1% of the total recovered in the urine after i.v. administration was recovered as unchanged drug.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Animals
  • Antifungal Agents / administration & dosage
  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacokinetics*
  • Antifungal Agents / urine
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Clotrimazole / administration & dosage
  • Clotrimazole / analogs & derivatives*
  • Clotrimazole / pharmacokinetics
  • Clotrimazole / urine
  • Dogs
  • Feces / chemistry
  • Half-Life
  • Imidazoles / pharmacokinetics
  • Injections, Intravenous
  • Male

Substances

  • Antifungal Agents
  • Imidazoles
  • flutrimazole
  • imidazole
  • Clotrimazole