Onset of seizures during early childhood is a not infrequent possibility in benign partial (localization-related) epilepsy (BPEC) when all these syndromes and not only benign partial epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes are considered. In patients followed up for long periods of time, temporal changes in the EEG often make impossible a distribution into discrete syndromes. The electroclinical patterns overlap and the determining factor is not the location but the morphology of the sharp waves. A complete remission is observed in all patients, with rolandic and/or extrarolandic foci. In rare patients, seizures occur during adolescence or later and an early onset is a possible risk factor for such an outcome. It is not a relapse of BPEC but another epileptic syndrome, usually a generalized idiopathic epilepsy. BPEC may be considered as a risk factor for late epilepsy. Patients with an early onset of BPEC tend to have a longer active period of epilepsy and a higher total number of seizures, whatever is the EEG pattern. But neither frequent seizures nor a long seizure period impair the children's abilities. Nonetheless, when BPEC begins in early childhood, the patient is prone to experience frequent seizures during several years. Drug therapy is advisable more often than in BPEC with a later onset.