Effect of methotrexate treatment on the onset of autoimmune kidney disease in lupus mice

Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 1992 Aug;40(8):2177-81. doi: 10.1248/cpb.40.2177.


In the present study, we examined the effects of methotrexate (MTX) on the development of autoimmune kidney disease in three kinds of autoimmune prone mice, NZB/NZW F1 (BWF1) mice, MRL/Mp-lpr/lpr (MRL/lpr) mice and NZW/BXSB F1 (WBF1) mice. The results showed that MTX delayed the appearance of proteinuria and prolonged survival of both BWF1 and MRL/lpr mice and inhibited the elevation of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels which accompanies the development of lupus nephritis. However, MTX treatment did not affect these in WBF1 mice. Furthermore, MTX could not suppress immunoglobulin G (IgG) class anti-deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and anti-trinitrophenol (TNP) antibody production in any variety of mice. These suggest that the therapeutic effect of MTX on BWF1 and MRL/lpr mice does not result in the suppression of IgG autoantibody production.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Autoantibodies / biosynthesis
  • Autoantibodies / immunology
  • Autoimmune Diseases / drug therapy*
  • Autoimmune Diseases / immunology
  • Female
  • Kidney Diseases / drug therapy*
  • Lupus Vulgaris / drug therapy*
  • Lupus Vulgaris / immunology
  • Male
  • Methotrexate / therapeutic use*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred Strains


  • Autoantibodies
  • Methotrexate