Efficacy of monoclonal antibody against tumor necrosis factor alpha in an endotoxemic baboon model

Circ Shock. 1992 Oct;38(2):75-84.


Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF) has been described as a primary mediator of the pathophysiology associated with bacterial sepsis/endotoxemia. We tested the efficacy and possible mechanisms of protection of a monoclonal antibody against TNF (TNF Mab) in a low mortality (29%), endotoxemic baboon model. A number of parameters were monitored at days 0, 1, 2 and 5-7 after challenge with 2 mg E. coli endotoxin/kg. TNF Mab pretreatment (15 mg/kg) prevented the increase in detectable serum TNF and the early perturbations in cardiovascular function which occurred in the control group. Early metabolic dysfunction was delayed in the TNF MAb group and was attenuated thereafter. Dysfunction of the kidney, liver, and coagulation systems and the increased IL-6 levels were significantly attenuated in the TNF MAb group; neutrophil activation was not affected by TNF MAb. No deaths occurred in the TNF MAb group. These results support the hypothesis that TNF plays a central role in the pathophysiology of endotoxic shock.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage*
  • Aspartate Aminotransferases / analysis
  • Blood Coagulation / drug effects
  • Blood Glucose / analysis
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Escherichia coli
  • Female
  • Hemodynamics
  • Interleukin-6 / analysis
  • Lactates / blood
  • Male
  • Papio
  • Shock, Septic / immunology*
  • Shock, Septic / mortality
  • Shock, Septic / prevention & control
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / analysis
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / immunology*


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Blood Glucose
  • Interleukin-6
  • Lactates
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Aspartate Aminotransferases