[Surgery of refractory ischemic arrhythmia]

G Ital Cardiol. 1992 Mar;22(3):373-80.
[Article in Italian]


Since June 1980, 138 patients have undergone surgical treatment for refractory ventricular tachycardia due to ischemic heart disease. Electrically guided surgical ablation (EGSA) of the focus was performed in 117 patients, while 14 patients underwent application of automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (AICD), and 8 patients underwent heart transplantation. During the whole period considered, among the EGSA patients an operative mortality of 13 patients was observed (11.4%), with a late mortality of another 14 patients (13.4%). Two early and six late recurrences were described, and 4 cases of sudden or unexplained death, with 2 cases clearly due to an arrhythmic event. Multivariate analysis showed preoperative ejection fraction lower than 25% as a powerful predictor of early mortality (32% vs 0%). Actuarial survival rate of patients with LVEF lower than 25% was 67 +/- 12% vs 95 +/- 2% at one year and 37 +/- 25% vs 94 +/- 8% at 8 years. A high operative mortality was then observed in patients who underwent aneurysmectomy alone or visually guided procedures as compared to electrically guided procedures (75% or 3 deaths out of 4 patients vs 8.5% or 10 out of 113 patients, respectively). Patients who received an AICD with or without associated procedures showed 1 case of in-hospital mortality and no late mortality; in 6 patients at least one shock was delivered; in two patients the AICD was implanted during an EGSA procedure, due to multiple or difficult origins of the arrhythmias. Of patients who underwent heart transplantation one case of later mortality was observed due to malignancy.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures / methods
  • Defibrillators, Implantable
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Heart Transplantation
  • Heart Ventricles / surgery
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / complications*
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Rate
  • Tachycardia, Ventricular / etiology
  • Tachycardia, Ventricular / mortality
  • Tachycardia, Ventricular / surgery*
  • Tachycardia, Ventricular / therapy