The deltoid muscle: an electromyographical analysis of its activity in arm abduction in various body postures

Int Orthop. 1992;16(3):268-71. doi: 10.1007/BF00182709.


We have carried out an electromyographical examination of the activity of five different regions of the deltoid muscle during abduction/adduction in various body postures with different biomechanical actions of arm gravity. The results show that the deltoid action is highly differentiated in its different regions and is not restricted only to the generation of an abducting moment in the shoulder joint. There is obviously a biomechanical contribution, mainly by its spinal and clavicular regions, to the stabilization of the glenohumeral joint and to the control of the selected plane of abduction.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Arm / physiology
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Electromyography
  • Gravitation
  • Humans
  • Movement
  • Muscle Contraction*
  • Muscles / physiology*
  • Posture*