An intensive antepartum monitoring system for women with gestational diabetes mellitus was evaluated over a 5-year period. Early diagnosis and liberal treatment with insulin was concomitantly followed with non-stress testing: weekly from 28 to 34 weeks' gestation and semi-weekly thereafter. Despite maternal euglycemia and satisfactory antepartum assessment, three fetal deaths occurred within 72 hours of reassuring fetal monitoring. Additionally, 24 (7%) fetuses were delivered on the basis of a low biophysical profile score (less than 6) at term. The stillbirth rate for women with gestational diabetes was 7.7/1000, whereas the stillbirth rate for nondiabetic low-risk patients was 4.8/1000. Women with gestational diabetes continue to be in a high-risk category for antepartum fetal death, requiring intensive monitoring with consideration for timely delivery.