Preliminary results with the nitric oxide donor linsidomine chlorhydrate in the treatment of human erectile dysfunction

J Urol. 1992 Nov;148(5):1437-40. doi: 10.1016/s0022-5347(17)36931-8.


Recent experimental studies showed an important role of endothelium derived relaxing factor for cavernous smooth muscle relaxation. Since nitric oxide seems to account for the biological actions of endothelium derived relaxing factor, a study was done to examine a possible role of the nitric oxide donor linsidomine chlorhydrate (SIN-1) in the treatment of erectile dysfunction. To determine a therapeutically useful dose 0.1, 0.2, 0.5 and 1 mg. SIN-1 were injected intracavernously in patients with erectile dysfunction. Each dose was given to 2 patients. Then, 63 patients received 1 mg. SIN-1, including 7 who had prolonged erections to minimal doses of papaverine plus phentolamine and 4 who did not respond with a full erection to other pharmacological agents. Intracavernous injection of SIN-1 induced a dose-dependent erectile response by increasing the arterial inflow and relaxing cavernous smooth muscles. Of the patients 29 had a full, 21 an almost full and 13 a moderate erection to 1 mg. SIN-1. There were no systemic or local side effects. In the patients with prolonged erections to papaverine plus phentolamine the mean duration of a full erectile response to SIN-1 was 57 minutes. Compared to the responses to a papaverine (15 mg./ml.) and phentolamine (0.5 mg./ml.) mixture, the erection induced by SIN-1 was superior in 10, comparable in 47 and inferior in 6 patients. Our data suggest a possible role for SIN-1 in the treatment of erectile dysfunction. Possible advantages may be that erection is induced by a mechanism similar to that occurring physiologically, a decreased risk of inducing prolonged erections and low therapy costs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blood Flow Velocity / drug effects
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Erectile Dysfunction / drug therapy*
  • Erectile Dysfunction / metabolism
  • Erectile Dysfunction / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Molsidomine / administration & dosage
  • Molsidomine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Molsidomine / therapeutic use
  • Nitric Oxide / metabolism
  • Penile Erection / drug effects*
  • Penis / blood supply
  • Vasodilator Agents / administration & dosage
  • Vasodilator Agents / therapeutic use*


  • Vasodilator Agents
  • Nitric Oxide
  • linsidomine
  • Molsidomine