NMR venography using the susceptibility effect produced by deoxyhemoglobin

Magn Reson Med. 1992 Nov;28(1):25-38. doi: 10.1002/mrm.1910280104.


A new angiography technique using the susceptibility effect is proposed. Blood containing deoxyhemoglobin is more paramagnetic than surrounding tissue and thereby produces a susceptibility effect at blood-tissue interfaces. By use of a specially tailored RF pulse, signals from normal tissues are suppressed while the signals from blood interfaces, where strong susceptibility-induced fields are created, are enhanced. The design and characteristic behavior of the tailored RF pulse are discussed and experimental results obtained using both a phantom and a human volunteer with a 2.0-T whole-body NMR system are also presented.

MeSH terms

  • Blood Vessels / anatomy & histology*
  • Computer Simulation
  • Hemoglobins / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement / methods*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Models, Structural
  • Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted


  • Hemoglobins
  • deoxyhemoglobin