Tumor control after stereotactic radiosurgery in neurofibromatosis patients with bilateral acoustic tumors

Neurosurgery. 1992 Nov;31(5):829-38; discussion 838-9. doi: 10.1227/00006123-199211000-00002.


During a 4-year interval, 17 patients with bilateral acoustic tumors (vestibular schwannomas) underwent unilateral stereotactic radiosurgery using a multisource gamma unit; 2 patients underwent radiosurgery of both tumors in separate sessions. Eleven patients with unoperated contralateral tumors served as concurrent controls to compare the effects of radiosurgery with the natural history of acoustic tumors. After radiosurgery, the tumor control and regression rates were 89.5 and 21.1%, respectively (median neuroimaging follow-up, 1.4 years; range, 0.3-3.9). The tumor regression rate increased to 40% for patients evaluated at least 12 months after radiosurgery. In comparison to the unoperated contralateral tumors, stereotactic radiosurgery achieved tumor control, as assessed by the ultimate change in tumor size at follow-up (P, 0.012), the change in tumor size over time (P, 0.006), and tumor growth rates (P, 0.003). This study provided convincing evidence that tumor stabilization after radiosurgery (as assessed by neuroimaging) truly represented tumor control. The incidence of delayed facial neuropathy after radiosurgery compared favorably with the incidence reported after microsurgical removal. Some hearing was preserved in one-third of the patients who had preoperative hearing, including three patients who were contralaterally deaf. Stereotactic radiosurgery should be considered as a primary surgical modality for many patients with neurofibromatosis Type II.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Facial Paralysis / diagnosis
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hearing Loss, Central / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurofibromatosis 2 / diagnosis
  • Neurofibromatosis 2 / surgery*
  • Neurologic Examination*
  • Postoperative Complications / diagnosis*
  • Radiosurgery*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Trigeminal Neuralgia / diagnosis