Brain parenchyma motion: measurement with cine echo-planar MR imaging

Radiology. 1992 Dec;185(3):645-51. doi: 10.1148/radiology.185.3.1438740.


With echo-planar magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, the authors measured the intrinsic pulsatile motion of brain parenchyma. Phase-sensitive, electrocardiography-gated, two-dimensional cine images were acquired throughout the cardiac cycle by using a spin-echo, blipped echo-planar MR pulse sequence. Transverse and coronal planes were obtained in 14 healthy volunteers. Corrections were made for gross head motion. Brain motion consisted of a rapid displacement in systole, with a slow diastolic recovery. The motion occurred chiefly in the cephalocaudal and lateral directions; the anteroposterior motions were relatively small. Cephalocaudal velocities increase with proximity to the foramen magnum. The lateral motion is mainly a compressive motion of the thalami. Brain parenchymal velocities were as high as 2 mm/sec caudally in the brain stem and 1.5 mm/sec medially in the thalami. Net parenchymal excursions were at most 0.5 mm. Phase-based echo-planar velocity measurements agreed well with echo-planar Fourier velocity zeugmatography measurements and were consistent with reported values. Velocity mapping with echo-planar imaging offers a rapid and flexible method of assessing the pulsation velocities of the human brain.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brain / anatomy & histology
  • Brain / physiology*
  • Echo-Planar Imaging*
  • Electrocardiography
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Male
  • Motion Pictures
  • Movement
  • Subtraction Technique