Suppression of anger and gastric emptying in patients with functional dyspepsia

Scand J Gastroenterol. 1992 Oct;27(10):869-74. doi: 10.3109/00365529209000156.


Psychologic distress and gastric motor dysfunction have both been implicated in the pathogenesis of functional (non-ulcer) dyspepsia (FD). This study assesses the association between psychologic factors and gastric emptying in 28 FD patients. Subjects completed an extensive range of psychologic questionnaires and underwent dual-isotope scintigraphic assessment of solid and liquid gastric emptying. Attempts to resist, control, suppress, and hold in anger, to adopt a fighting spirit whilst dealing with chronic stressors, and manifest unhappiness were predictors of prolonged gastric emptying. These findings suggest that psychologic factors may be important in the aetiology of gastric stasis and subsequent upper gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with functional dyspepsia.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adult
  • Affect
  • Aged
  • Anger*
  • Denial, Psychological*
  • Dyspepsia / diagnostic imaging
  • Dyspepsia / physiopathology*
  • Dyspepsia / psychology
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Female
  • Gastric Emptying*
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Personality
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Psychophysiologic Disorders / diagnostic imaging
  • Psychophysiologic Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Psychophysiologic Disorders / psychology
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Regression Analysis