Transforming growth factor alpha and epidermal growth factor in protection and healing of gastric mucosal injury

Scand J Gastroenterol. 1992 Aug;27(8):649-55. doi: 10.3109/00365529209000134.


Transforming growth factor alpha (TGF) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) present in the gastric mucosa are polypeptides with similar biologic activity. This study compares the activity of TGF and EGF in the protection against injury by 100% ethanol and stress and in healing of acute gastric ulcerations. TGF and EGF (12.5-100 micrograms/kg-h) infused subcutaneously 30 min before and during ethanol or stress decreased mucosal lesions dose-dependently. The ID50 for ethanol- and stress-induced lesions after TGF were 40 and 70 micrograms/kg-h and after EGF 60 and 100 micrograms/kg-h. TGF and EGF infused subcutaneously into intact rats inhibited gastric acid secretion but did not affect the gastric blood flow or mucosal generation of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). Both TGF and EGF also significantly enhanced the healing of stress-induced lesions and the restoration of DNA synthesis. Ethanol and stress reduced blood flow in the oxyntic mucosa by 68% and 51%, respectively, and this effect was partially reversed by EGF and TGF. Pretreatment with indomethacin (5 mg/kg intraperitoneally), which reduced mucosal generation of PGE2 by 85%, decreased in part the protection by TGF and EGF against ethanol-induced damage and virtually abolished the protective action of these peptides against stress-induced injury.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Animals
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / administration & dosage
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / metabolism
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / physiology*
  • Gastric Mucosa / blood supply
  • Gastric Mucosa / physiopathology*
  • Indomethacin / therapeutic use
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Stomach Ulcer / chemically induced
  • Transforming Growth Factor alpha / administration & dosage
  • Transforming Growth Factor alpha / metabolism
  • Transforming Growth Factor alpha / physiology*
  • Wound Healing / physiology*


  • Transforming Growth Factor alpha
  • Epidermal Growth Factor
  • Indomethacin