Correlation between anti-HBc titers and HBV DNA in blood units without detectable HBsAg

Vox Sang. 1992;63(2):107-11. doi: 10.1111/j.1423-0410.1992.tb02495.x.


Hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA was tested for in 294 blood units which had antibody against hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc) as the isolated serological marker of HBV infection. After amplification by polymerase chain reaction, HBV DNA was detected in 12 (6.9%) of 175 units that were positive for anti-HBc with hemagglutination inhibition titers greater than or equal to 2(6), significantly more often than in none of 119 units with titers less than or equal to 2(5) (p less than 0.01). These results indicate that the exclusion of blood units with isolated high-titer anti-HBc would be effective for further decreasing the risk of posttransfusion hepatitis B.

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • DNA, Viral / analysis*
  • Hepatitis B / prevention & control*
  • Hepatitis B / transmission
  • Hepatitis B Antibodies / analysis*
  • Hepatitis B Core Antigens / analysis
  • Hepatitis B Core Antigens / blood
  • Hepatitis B Surface Antigens / analysis*
  • Hepatitis B virus / chemistry*
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Risk Factors
  • Transfusion Reaction


  • DNA, Viral
  • Hepatitis B Antibodies
  • Hepatitis B Core Antigens
  • Hepatitis B Surface Antigens