Signaling and host range variation in nodulation

Annu Rev Microbiol. 1992;46:497-531. doi: 10.1146/annurev.mi.46.100192.002433.


Rhizobium, Bradyrhizobium, and Azorhizobium strains, collectively referred to as rhizobia, elicit on their leguminous hosts, in a specific manner, the formation of nodules in which they fix nitrogen. Rhizobial nod genes, which determine host specificity, infection, and nodulation, are involved in the exchange of low molecular weight signal molecules between the plant and the bacteria as follows. Transcription of the nod operons is under the control of NodD regulatory proteins, which are specifically activated by plant flavonoid signals. The common and species-specific structural nod genes are involved in turn in the synthesis of specific lipo-oligosaccharides that signal back to the plant to elicit root-hair deformations, cortical-cell divisions, and nodule-meristem formation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Fabaceae / genetics*
  • Fabaceae / microbiology*
  • Genetic Variation*
  • Nitrogen Fixation*
  • Plants, Medicinal*
  • Rhizobiaceae / genetics*