Role of serine 214 and tyrosine 171, components of the S2 subsite of alpha-lytic protease, in catalysis

Biochemistry. 1992 Nov 17;31(45):11216-23. doi: 10.1021/bi00160a036.


The function of a hydrogen bond network, comprised of the hydroxyl groups of Tyr 171 and Ser 214, in the hydrophobic S2 subsite of alpha-lytic protease, was investigated by mutagenesis and the kinetics of a substrate analog series. To study the catalytic role of the Tyr 171 and Ser 214 hydroxyl groups, Tyr 171 was converted to phenylalanine (Y171F) and Ser 214 to alanine (S214A). The double mutant (Y171F: S214A) also was generated. The single S214A and double Y171F:S214A mutations cause differential effects on catalysis and proenzyme processing. For S214A, kcat/Km is (4.9 x 10(3))-fold lower than that of wild type and proenzyme processing is blocked. For the double mutant (Y171F:S214A), kcat/Km is 82-fold lower than that of wild type and proenzyme processing occurs. In Y171F, kcat/Km is 34-fold lower than that of wild type, and the proenzyme is processed. The data indicate that Ser 214, although conserved among serine proteases and hydrogen bonded to the catalytic triad [Brayer, G. D., Delbaere, L. T. J., & James, M. N. G. (1979) J. Mol. Biol. 131, 743], is not essential for catalytic function in alpha-lytic protease. A substrate series (in which peptide length is varied) established that the mutations (Y171F and Y171F:S214A) do not alter enzyme-substrate interactions in subsites other than S2. The pH dependence of kcat/Km for Y171F and Y171F:S214A has changed less than 0.5 unit from that of wild type; this suggests the catalytic triad is unperturbed. In wild type, hydrophobic interactions at S2 increase kcat/Km by up to (1.2 x 10(3))-fold with no effect on Km.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Western
  • Catalysis
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Escherichia coli / enzymology
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Oligonucleotides
  • Plasmids
  • Protein Conformation
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Serine / chemistry*
  • Serine Endopeptidases / chemistry*
  • Serine Endopeptidases / genetics
  • Serine Endopeptidases / metabolism
  • Tyrosine / chemistry*


  • Oligonucleotides
  • Tyrosine
  • Serine
  • Serine Endopeptidases
  • myxobacter alpha-lytic proteinase