Effect of Conformational Mobility and Hydrogen-Bonding Interactions on the Selectivity of Some Guanidinoaryl-Substituted Mechanism-Based Inhibitors of Trypsin-Like Serine Proteases

J Med Chem. 1992 Nov 13;35(23):4297-305. doi: 10.1021/jm00101a006.


Previously, we have reported that some guanidino-substituted alpha- and beta-aryl enol lactones I and II behaved as selective, mechanism-based inhibitors of some trypsin-like proteases (Rai, R.; Katzenellenbogen, J.A. J. Med. Chem., submitted). In this study, we describe the synthesis and kinetic evaluation of some related, guanidino-substituted enol lactones having greater conformational mobility and affording additional hydrogen-bonding sites at the active site. The alpha-aryl-substituted lactones 1 and 2, which have greater conformational mobility in the guanidinoaryl linkage than I, selectively inhibited the trypsin-like enzymes, and they were relatively poor inactivators of alpha-chymotrypsin and human neutrophil elastase (HNE). The iodo enol lactone 2 permanently inactivated trypsin, urokinase, tissue plasminogen activator, and plasmin, showing exceptionally high specificity in its interaction with trypsin and urokinase. The selectivity pattern exhibited by the closely related, conformationally less mobile alpha-aryl-substituted iodo lactone Ib, which was previously shown to be a selective suicide substrate of urokinase and plasmin, provides an interesting comparison. The alpha-benzamido-substituted lactones 3 and 4, which afford an additional site for active-site hydrogen bonding, were found to be very potent alternate substrate inhibitors of trypsin and urokinase. In addition, the iodo lactone 4 permanently inactivated alpha-chymotrypsin. The importance of secondary interactions in increasing the specificities in the case of alpha-chymotrypsin is discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Binding, Competitive
  • Chymotrypsin / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Guanidines / chemical synthesis*
  • Guanidines / chemistry
  • Guanidines / pharmacology
  • Kinetics
  • Lactones / chemical synthesis*
  • Lactones / chemistry
  • Lactones / pharmacology
  • Stereoisomerism
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Trypsin Inhibitors / chemical synthesis*
  • Trypsin Inhibitors / chemistry
  • Trypsin Inhibitors / pharmacology


  • Guanidines
  • Lactones
  • Trypsin Inhibitors
  • Chymotrypsin