Thromboxane receptor antagonism combined with thromboxane synthase inhibition. 3. Pyridinylalkyl-substituted 8-[(arylsulfonyl)amino]octanoic acids

J Med Chem. 1992 Nov 13;35(23):4366-72. doi: 10.1021/jm00101a014.


A series of 8-[(arylsulfonyl)amino]octanoic acids substituted with a pyridinylalkyl group along the chain were synthesized and tested in vitro for their ability to both antagonize the binding of thromboxane A2 to its receptors and to inhibit the thromboxane synthase enzyme. This series of compounds were found to inhibit the U 46619-induced aggregation of human platelets and the U 46619-induced contraction of dog saphenous vein. The compounds also inhibited TxA2 biosynthesis in a human microsomal platelet preparation. The relative position of the pyridinylalkyl and arylsulfonamide groups had significant effects on the thromboxane receptor antagonist (TxRA) activity and thromboxane synthase inhibitor (TxSI) activity. Compounds with the pyridine ring at the 7- or 8-position of the octanoic acid side chain were weakly active as TxSI but behaved as potent TxRA at the platelet receptor for TxA2. However, these compounds were agonists at the vascular receptor. Substitution of the pyridinylalkyl group at the 2- or 3-position resulted in compounds with potent TxSI activity and weak TxRA activity. The activity profile of the compounds with the pyridinylalkyl substitution at the 4-, 5-, or 6-position was very desirable. Compound 22 with a pyridinylpropyl substituent at the 4-position was found to display extremely potent TxRA and TxSI properties.

MeSH terms

  • 15-Hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5,13-dienoic Acid
  • Animals
  • Caprylates / chemical synthesis*
  • Caprylates / chemistry
  • Caprylates / pharmacology
  • Dogs
  • Humans
  • Muscle, Smooth / drug effects
  • Platelet Aggregation / drug effects
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors / chemical synthesis*
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors / chemistry
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Prostaglandin Endoperoxides, Synthetic / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Pyridines / chemical synthesis*
  • Pyridines / chemistry
  • Pyridines / pharmacology
  • Receptors, Thromboxane / drug effects*
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Thromboxane-A Synthase / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Vasoconstrictor Agents / antagonists & inhibitors


  • Caprylates
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
  • Prostaglandin Endoperoxides, Synthetic
  • Pyridines
  • Receptors, Thromboxane
  • Vasoconstrictor Agents
  • 15-Hydroxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-(epoxymethano)prosta-5,13-dienoic Acid
  • Thromboxane-A Synthase