Hyperglycemia increases cerebral intracellular acidosis during circulatory arrest

Ann Thorac Surg. 1992 Dec;54(6):1126-30. doi: 10.1016/0003-4975(92)90080-n.


Phosphorus 31 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to assess cerebral high-energy phosphate metabolism and intracellular pH in normoglycemic and hyperglycemic sheep during hypothermic circulatory arrest. Two groups of sheep (n = 8 per group) were placed in a 4.7-T magnet and cooled to 15 degrees C using cardiopulmonary bypass. Spectra were acquired before and during circulatory arrest and during reperfusion and rewarming. Intracellular pH and adenosine triphosphate levels decreased during circulatory arrest. Compared with the normoglycemic animals, the hyperglycemic group was significantly more acidotic with the greatest difference observed during the first 20 minutes of reperfusion (6.40 +/- 0.08 versus 6.08 +/- 0.06; p < 0.001). Intracellular pH returned to baseline after 30 minutes of reperfusion in the normoglycemic group but did not reach baseline until 1 hour of reperfusion in the hyperglycemic animals. Adenosine triphosphate levels were significantly higher in the hyperglycemic group during circulatory arrest. Repletion of adenosine triphosphate during reperfusion was similar for both groups. These results support the hypothesis that hyperglycemia during cerebral ischemia drives anaerobic glycolysis and thus leads to increased lactate production and an increase [corrected] in the intracellular acidosis normally associated with ischemia.

MeSH terms

  • Acidosis, Lactic / diagnosis
  • Acidosis, Lactic / etiology*
  • Acidosis, Lactic / metabolism
  • Adenosine Triphosphate / analysis*
  • Animals
  • Blood Glucose
  • Brain Chemistry*
  • Brain Ischemia / diagnosis
  • Brain Ischemia / etiology*
  • Brain Ischemia / metabolism
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Glycolysis
  • Heart Arrest / complications*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Hyperglycemia / blood
  • Hyperglycemia / etiology*
  • Hyperglycemia / metabolism
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Sheep


  • Blood Glucose
  • Adenosine Triphosphate