Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 85 (3), 440-52

Converging Evidence That Stereotype Threat Reduces Working Memory Capacity

Affiliations

Converging Evidence That Stereotype Threat Reduces Working Memory Capacity

Toni Schmader et al. J Pers Soc Psychol.

Abstract

Although research has shown that priming negative stereotypes leads to lower performance among stigmatized individuals, little is understood about the cognitive mechanism that accounts for these effects. Three experiments tested the hypothesis that stereotype threat interferes with test performance because it reduces individuals' working memory capacity. Results show that priming self-relevant negative stereotypes reduces women's (Experiment 1) and Latinos' (Experiment 2) working memory capacity. The final study revealed that a reduction in working memory capacity mediates the effect of stereotype threat on women's math performance (Experiment 3). Implications for future research on stereotype threat and working memory are discussed.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 75 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

Feedback