Decreased latent inhibition is associated with increased creative achievement in high-functioning individuals

J Pers Soc Psychol. 2003 Sep;85(3):499-506. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.85.3.499.


Reductions in latent inhibition (LI), the capacity to screen from conscious awareness stimuli previously experienced as irrelevant, have been generally associated with the tendency towards psychosis. However, "failure" to screen out previously irrelevant stimuli might also hypothetically contribute to original thinking, particularly in combination with high IQ. Meta-analysis of two studies, conducted on youthful high-IQ samples. demonstrated that high lifetime creative achievers had significantly lower LI scores than low creative achievers (r(effect size) = .31, p = .0003, one-tailed). Eminent creative achievers (participants under 21 years who reported unusually high scores in a single domain of creative achievement) were 7 times more likely to have low rather than high LI scores, chi2 (1, N = 25) = 10.69, phi = .47. p = .003.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Achievement*
  • Adult
  • Creativity*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inhibition, Psychological*
  • Intelligence / physiology
  • Intelligence Tests / statistics & numerical data
  • Male
  • Students / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires