Suppression of cytokine-induced expression of adrenomedullin and endothelin-1 by dexamethasone in T98G human glioblastoma cells

Peptides. 2003 Jul;24(7):1053-62. doi: 10.1016/s0196-9781(03)00181-5.


There is accumulating evidence showing that glial cells and gliomas secrete some neuropeptides and vasoactive peptides, such as adrenomedullin and endothelin-1. We have previously shown that expression of these two peptides is induced by inflammatory cytokines in T98G human glioblastoma cells. Glucocorticoids are frequently used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases and glioblastomas. We therefore studied effects of dexamethasone on expression of adrenomedullin and endothelin-1 in T98G human glioblastoma cells. Dexamethasone dose-dependently increased adrenomedullin mRNA levels and immunoreactive-adrenomedullin levels in the medium in T98G cells, whereas it decreased immunoreactive-endothelin levels in the medium. A combination of three cytokines, interferon-gamma (100 U/ml), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (20 ng/ml) and interleukin-1beta (10 ng/ml) induced expression of adrenomedullin and endothelin-1 in T98G cells. Dexamethasone (10(-8) mol/l) suppressed increases in expression of both adrenomedullin and endothelin-1 induced by these three cytokines. Thus, dexamethasone alone increased adrenomedullin expression whereas it suppressed the cytokine-induced expression of adrenomedullin in T98G cells. These findings raised the possibility that effects of dexamethasone on brain inflammation and glioblastomas may be partly mediated or modulated by its effects on expression of adrenomedullin and endothelin-1.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adrenomedullin
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Cell Line, Tumor / drug effects
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Cycloheximide / pharmacology
  • Cytokines / pharmacology*
  • Dactinomycin / pharmacology
  • Dexamethasone / pharmacology*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Endothelin-1 / analysis
  • Endothelin-1 / genetics*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / drug effects*
  • Glioblastoma / genetics
  • Glioblastoma / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Interferon-gamma / pharmacology
  • Interleukin-1 / pharmacology
  • Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Peptides / analysis
  • Peptides / genetics*
  • Protein Synthesis Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Radioimmunoassay
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / pharmacology


  • Cytokines
  • Endothelin-1
  • Interleukin-1
  • Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
  • Peptides
  • Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Adrenomedullin
  • Dactinomycin
  • Dexamethasone
  • Interferon-gamma
  • Cycloheximide