Genome-scale design of PCR primers and long oligomers for DNA microarrays

Nucleic Acids Res. 2003 Oct 1;31(19):5576-81. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkg752.


During the last years, the demand for custom-made cDNA chips/arrays as well as whole genome chips is increasing rapidly. The efficient selection of gene-specific primers/oligomers is of the utmost importance for the successful production of such chips. We developed GenomePRIDE, a highly flexible and scalable software for designing primers/oligomers for large-scale projects. The program is able to generate either long oligomers (40-70 bases), or PCR primers for the amplification of gene-specific DNA fragments of user-defined length. Additionally, primers can be designed in-frame in order to facilitate large-scale cloning into expression vectors. Furthermore, GenomePRIDE can be adapted to specific applications such as the generation of genomic amplicon arrays or the design of fragments specific for alternative splice isoforms. We tested the performance of GenomePRIDE on the entire genomes of Listeria monocytogenes (1584 gene-specific PCRs, 48 long oligomers) as well as of eukaryotes such as Schizosaccharomyces pombe (5006 gene-specific PCRs), and Drosophila melanogaster (21 306 gene-specific PCRs). With its computing speed of 1000 primer pairs per hour and a PCR amplification success of 99%, GenomePRIDE represents an extremely cost- and time-effective program.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • DNA Primers* / chemistry
  • Drosophila melanogaster / genetics
  • Gene Expression Profiling*
  • Genome
  • Listeria monocytogenes / genetics
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis*
  • Oligonucleotide Probes* / chemistry
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods*
  • Schizosaccharomyces / genetics
  • Software*


  • DNA Primers
  • Oligonucleotide Probes