Quality of life in sleep disorders

Sleep Med Rev. 2003 Aug;7(4):335-49. doi: 10.1053/smrv.2001.0220.


Quality of life is a major outcome variable in choosing and evaluating treatment alternatives for sleep disorders. However, the number of well validated and sufficiently responsive quality of life measures for use with this population is limited. The SF-36, Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) and Sickness Impact Profile (SIP) are the most frequently used generic measures. The Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire (FOSQ) and Sleep Apnoea Quality of Life Index (SAQLI) are useful as condition/disease specific measures. However there are not yet specific measures in common use for other sleep disorders. Results across the sleep disorders that have been studied, primarily sleep apnea, narcolepsy, restless legs and insomnia, have consistently shown poorer quality of life than population norms prior to treatment, particularly in those dimensions related to sleep, energy and fatigue. Before treatment scorespes typically are of similar magnitude to those found among individuals with other chronic diseases such as hypertension and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. With treatment quality of life scores may or may not improve to the level of population norms, suggesting that currently available treatments may not fully reverse the effects of the common sleep disorders.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Disease
  • Fatigue / etiology
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / etiology
  • Nocturnal Myoclonus Syndrome / complications
  • Nocturnal Myoclonus Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Nocturnal Myoclonus Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / etiology
  • Quality of Life*
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / complications
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / diagnosis
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / physiopathology
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / diagnosis
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Snoring / diagnosis
  • Snoring / etiology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires