Transmission of the subthalamic nucleus oscillatory activity to the cortex: a computational approach

J Comput Neurosci. Sep-Oct 2003;15(2):223-32. doi: 10.1023/a:1025816909270.

Abstract

Parkinsonian tremor is most likely due to oscillatory neuronal activities of central oscillators such as the subthalamic nucleus (STN)-external segment of the globus pallidus (GPe) pacemaker within the basal ganglia (BG). Activity from the central oscillator is proposed to be transmitted via transcortical pathways to the periphery. A computational model of the BG is proposed for simulating the transmission of the STN oscillatory activity to the cortex, based closely on known anatomy and physiology of the BG. According to the results of the simulation, for transmission of the STN oscillatory activity to the cortex, the STN oscillatory activity has to be transmitted simultaneously to the thalamus via STN-internal segment of the globus pallidus (GPi)-thalamus and STN-GPe-GPi-thalamus pathways. This transmission is controlled by the various factors such as the phase between the STN and GPe oscillatory activities, the STN oscillatory activity frequency, the low-threshold calcium spike bursts of the thalamus and the GPi spontaneous activity.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Basal Ganglia / anatomy & histology
  • Basal Ganglia / physiology
  • Cerebral Cortex / physiology*
  • Computer Simulation*
  • Cortical Synchronization
  • Humans
  • Models, Neurological
  • Nerve Net / physiology
  • Neural Pathways / physiology*
  • Subthalamic Nucleus / physiology*
  • Synaptic Transmission / physiology*
  • Time Factors