Presurgical identification of hibernating myocardium by combined use of technetium-99m hexakis 2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile single photon emission tomography and fluorine-18 fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography in patients with coronary artery disease

Eur J Nucl Med. 1992;19(10):874-81. doi: 10.1007/BF00168164.


We tested the possibility of identifying areas of hibernating myocardium by the combined assessment of perfusion and metabolism using single photon emission tomography (SPET) with technetium-99m hexakis 2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (99mTc-MIBI) and positron emission tomography (PET) with fluorine-18 fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18F-FDG). Segmental wall motion, perfusion and 18F-FDG uptake were scored in 5 segments in 14 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), for a total number of 70 segments. Each subject underwent the following studies prior to and following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG): first-pass radionuclide angiography, electrocardiography gated planar perfusion scintigraphy and SPET perfusion scintigraphy with 99mTc-MIBI and, after 16 h fasting, 18F-FDG/PET metabolic scintigraphy. Wall motion impairment was either decreased or completely reversed by CABG in 95% of the asynergic segments which exhibited 18F-FDG uptake, whereas it was unmodified in 80% of the asynergic segments with no 18F-FDG uptake. A stepwise multiple logistic analysis was carried out on the asynergic segments to estimate the postoperative probability of wall motion improvement on the basis of the preoperative regional perfusion and metabolic scores. The segments with the highest probability (96%) of functional recovery from preoperative asynergy after revascularization were those with a marked 18F-FDG uptake prior to CABG. High probabilities of functional recovery were also estimated for the segments presenting with moderate and low 18F-FDG uptake (92% and 79%, respectively). A low probability of functional recovery (13%) was estimated in the segments with no 18F-FDG uptake.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Coronary Artery Bypass
  • Coronary Disease / diagnostic imaging*
  • Coronary Disease / epidemiology
  • Coronary Disease / surgery
  • Deoxyglucose / analogs & derivatives
  • Female
  • Fluorine Radioisotopes
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • Heart / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardium / metabolism*
  • Probability
  • Radionuclide Ventriculography
  • Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed*
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon*


  • Fluorine Radioisotopes
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi
  • Deoxyglucose