Dissection of human papillomavirus type 33 L2 domains involved in nuclear domains (ND) 10 homing and reorganization

Virology. 2003 Sep 15;314(1):161-7. doi: 10.1016/s0042-6822(03)00447-1.


We have recently shown that the minor capsid protein L2 of human papillomavirus type 33 (HPV33) recruits the transcriptional repressor Daxx into nuclear domains (ND) 10 and causes the loss of the transcriptional activator Sp100 from these subnuclear structures. In order to dissect L2 domains involved in nuclear translocation, ND10 homing, loss of Sp100, and recruitment of Daxx, a detailed deletion mutagenesis of L2 was performed. Using immunofluorescence and green fluorescent protein fusions, we have identified two nuclear localization signals (NLS) in the central and C-terminal part of L2, respectively, homologous to previously identified NLS in HPV6B L2 (Sun et al., 1995). We mapped the ND10 localization domain to within a 30 amino acid peptide in the C-terminal half of L2. L2-induced attraction of Daxx into ND10, coimmunoprecipitation of L2 and Daxx, as well as induction of the loss of Sp100 from ND10 require an intact ND10 localization domain. This domain contains conserved PXXP motives characteristic of some protein/protein interacting domains. Our data also suggest that the Daxx/L2 interaction may be the driving force for L2 accumulation in ND10.

MeSH terms

  • Active Transport, Cell Nucleus*
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Antigens, Nuclear / metabolism
  • Autoantigens / metabolism
  • Capsid Proteins* / chemistry
  • Capsid Proteins* / genetics
  • Capsid Proteins* / metabolism
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism*
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Gene Deletion*
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins*
  • Luminescent Proteins / genetics
  • Luminescent Proteins / metabolism
  • Mutagenesis*
  • Nuclear Localization Signals
  • Nuclear Proteins / chemistry
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Oncogene Proteins, Viral* / chemistry
  • Oncogene Proteins, Viral* / genetics
  • Oncogene Proteins, Viral* / metabolism
  • Papillomaviridae / genetics
  • Papillomaviridae / metabolism
  • Papillomaviridae / pathogenicity
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Antigens, Nuclear
  • Autoantigens
  • Capsid Proteins
  • Carrier Proteins
  • DAXX protein, human
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Luminescent Proteins
  • Nuclear Localization Signals
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Oncogene Proteins, Viral
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • oncogene viral capsid protein L2, human papillomavirus type 33
  • Sp100 protein, human
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins