We investigated signal transduction pathways for LTD4 in the human promonocytic cell line U937 known, upon differentiation, to express CysLT1 receptors. We confirmed the presence of high-affinity binding sites for 3H-LTD4, which, in functional studies, displayed the features of CysLT1 receptor. In fact, three potent and selective CysLT1 receptor antagonists were able to completely inhibit LTD4-induced response. In turn, cytosolic Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) increase (EC50 = 3.4 nM +/- 27% CV) was only partially sensitive to pertussis toxin (PTx) as well as to the prenylation inhibitor fluvastatin and to the specific geranylgeranylation and farnesylation inhibitors BAL 9504 and FPT II. Finally, Clostridium sordellii lethal toxin, inhibitor of the Ras family of GTPases, and FTS, a potent methyltransferase inhibitor, were both able to partially inhibit LTD4-induced [Ca2+] increase, suggesting a role for a Ras family member in [Ca2+]i regulation. In conclusion, in dU937 LTD4 signal transduction involves: (a) at least two pathways, one sensitive and one insensitive to PTx; (b) isoprenylated proteins, such as betagamma subunits and, possibly, a small G protein of the Ras family.