This review, aimed at current practitioners of vertebroplasty, highlights recent changes in patient work-up and procedural techniques that have streamlined the authors' clinical practice. Preprocedural work-up, including history, physical examination, and adjunctive imaging techniques, are discussed. Technical details are reviewed, including types of equipment, techniques of needle placement, and utility of venography. Postprocedural issues are noted, including risk of subsequent fracture after vertebroplasty, long-term outcome of cement in the vertebral body, and utility of prophylactic vertebroplasty. Finally, the current state of evidence in support of the efficacy of vertebroplasty are discussed, with particular attention to the need for ongoing clinical trials.
Copyright RSNA, 2003