No evidence of type 1 diabetes susceptibility genes in the region centromeric of the HLA complex

Hum Immunol. 2003 Oct;64(10):951-9. doi: 10.1016/s0198-8859(03)00172-1.


There is strong evidence that DQB1, DQA1, and DRB1 alleles are not the only contributors to the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) linked type 1 diabetes (T1D) predisposition. Although the HLA complex is much studied for disease association, little is known about the neighboring centromeric region. We have previously found suggestive association on DQ2-DR3 haplotypes for marker D6S291, located 3.6-Mb centromeric of HLA-DQB1. This region on human chromosome 6 is syntenic to a part of the region adjacent to the mouse major histocompatibility complex (MHC) on chromosome 17, which has been suggested to harbor a susceptibility gene in mouse (Idd16). To evaluate a possible role of the region centromeric of HLA-DQB1 in human T1D, we have scanned the region with nine microsatellite markers in 267 T1D families from five different populations. Our results indicate that the characteristic strong linkage disequilibrium in the HLA complex does not extend into this region. Furthermore, we did not detect any consistent T1D association for the markers analyzed in the study. In conclusion, our data argue against the presence of any strong genetic susceptibility factors for T1D in the region centromeric of the HLA complex.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / genetics
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / immunology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / metabolism
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Histocompatibility Antigens / genetics*
  • Histocompatibility Antigens / immunology
  • Histocompatibility Antigens / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Linkage Disequilibrium
  • Microsatellite Repeats


  • Histocompatibility Antigens