Water, sanitation and hygiene for the health of developing nations

Public Health. 2003 Nov;117(6):452-6. doi: 10.1016/S0033-3506(03)00143-4.


The water and sanitation needs of the poor in developing countries are huge. To meet the target of water and sanitation for all by the end of 2025, some 2.9 billion people will have to receive improved water supplies, and 4.2 billion improved sanitation. The technologies used must be appropriate and, in particular, simple, affordable and sustainable.

MeSH terms

  • Developing Countries*
  • Humans
  • Hygiene*
  • Sanitary Engineering / instrumentation*
  • Technology
  • United Kingdom
  • Water Microbiology
  • Water Supply / standards*